Contributors in alphabetical order: Hillel Arnold, Dorothy J. Berry, Elizabeth M. Caringola, Angel Diaz, Sarah Hamerman, Erin Hurley, Anna Neatrour, Sandy Rodriguez, Megan Senseney, Ruth Tillman, Amy Wickner, Karly Wildenhaus, and Elliot Williams
This document is a set of guidelines for granting agencies, grant writers, and grant reviewers supporting the ethical creation of contingent positions in digital library work. We encourage granting agencies and grant reviewers to endorse and integrate these guidelines into application requirements and urge institutions creating contingent positions to consult these guidelines when developing such positions.
Grants are opportunities to request and receive funding and other support that treats workers well, moving us toward “equitable salaries” “that bridge gender, racial and living wage gaps."1 The authors acknowledge that both funders and grant recipients range widely in size, scope, and capacity. In developing these guidelines, we aim to respect shared needs and expectations of well-resourced institutions and one-person establishments alike. We also acknowledge that contingent workers fall within a wide array of categories – from volunteers to interns to graduate students to temporary hires – that also intersect. With this document, we advocate for workers in contingent positions of all kinds that support organizational sustainability, while remaining aware that supporting contingent positions creates categories of unequal positions.2
These guidelines were initially drafted in 2017 by a subgroup of the Digital Library Federation Labor Working Group. The draft was opened for public comment during 2018. The group reconvened in fall of 2019 with participants from the Collective Responsibility forum, using recommendations from the forum's white paper3 and outcomes of its second meeting to perform a final review and edits. In developing these guidelines, we are also informed by the Society of American Archivists’ Core Values, which include “work[ing] actively to achieve a diversified and representative membership in the profession”;4 and by the American Library Association's Code of Ethics, which advises that library workers “advocate conditions of employment that safeguard the rights and welfare of all employees of our institutions."5
In developing and evaluating staffing requirements for grant-funded projects, prioritize full-time positions with benefits over the creation of multiple part-time positions that require workers to seek additional employment and/or go without certain benefits. Carefully consider and justify the recruitment of professionals, graduate students, volunteers, and interns with respect to the expectations and needs of each.
Base the classification status of grant-funded positions on the requirements for comparable positions within the organization. These may include minimum credentials (e.g., terminal degrees), types of experience, types of work performed, and/or skillsets. Contingency should not be a factor in classification. Entry-level jobs should not require years of experience.
In calculating and evaluating appropriate levels of compensation, account for at least the following factors:
Support grant-funded workers with benefits comparable to those their colleagues enjoy, including:
The purpose of grant-funded positions should be to complete scoped projects with finite end dates, not to perform core library/archives functions. Grant-funded workers should not be held primarily responsible for diversifying collections and institutional work.
Expectations of what can reasonably be accomplished by grant-funded positions should be congruent with:
Employers must treat grant-funded workers as colleagues with a past and future in the field by:
Grant-funded projects should create opportunities for workers to develop as professionals and increase potential earning capacity by:
Many proposal guidelines currently require applicants to describe plans for project wind-down and/or long-term maintenance. Institutions should budget and plan to support temporary project staff in the transition out of grant-supported work by:
Stacie Williams, “Implications of Archival Labor,” On Archivy, April 11, 2016, https://medium.com/on-archivy/implications-of-archival-labor-b606d8d02014. ↩︎
Haley Di Pressi, Stephanie Gorman, Miriam Posner, Raphael Sasayama, and Tori Schmit, “A Student Collaborators’ Bill of Rights,” UCLA Center for Digital Humanities, accessed Nov 25, 2019, https://humtech.ucla.edu/news/a-student-collaborators-bill-of-rights/. ↩︎
Sandy Rodriguez, Ruth Tillman, Amy Wickner, Stacie Williams, and Emily Drabinski, “Collective Responsibility: Seeking Equity for Contingent Labor in Libraries, Archives, and Museums,” accessed November 22, 2019, https://laborforum.diglib.org/white-paper/. ↩︎
Society of American Archivists, Core Values of Archivists (May 2011), accessed April 5, 2018, https://www2.archivists.org/statements/saa-core-values-statement-and-code-of-ethics#core_values. ↩︎
American Library Association, Code of Ethics (2008), accessed April 5, 2018, http://www.ala.org/tools/ethics. ↩︎